Concept and Applications of Computing
Computing is any objective-oriented activity making use of, benefitting from, or producing computing devices. It includes all the scientific investigation and experimental development of algorithms and creation of both data-storing and program-using computer systems. It also includes technical, engineering, statistical, artistic, social and scientific aspects. The application of computing involves various processes such as communication of information and knowledge, the design of efficient and reliable systems, the analysis of large-scale data sets, and the control of specific processes. Computers have played a major role in all these activities through their invention and adoption by human users.
Computers are very powerful means of processing large amounts of information and can be seen in everyday life. Examples of such computing devices include desktop computers, mainframe computers, laptop computers, mainframe computers, and other network-based computer systems. They are usually implemented in a highly structured environment involving formal logic, machine languages, databases, and user programs. Computers have made significant contributions to the fields of mathematics, chemistry, physics, astronomy, computer engineering, medicine, and computer science.
Computers are used extensively in all domains of science and technology because they are necessary for the formulation of certain physical laws and the formulation of theories. Computers have become an integral part of the field of computing and are widely used in many daily activities ranging from business to social sciences. Many applications in science, technology, mathematics, and engineering use large-scale distributed computing. These applications benefit from large-scale and elastic computing that are made possible by the development of algorithms, storage devices and networks that facilitate the extraction of relevant data.