Computers have changed the way we live by helping people to do almost anything, from providing instant information to managing stock trades and conducting global business. We use computers to play games, e-mail, chat, research and create music. Computers have also become an integral part of our daily lives. The field of computing has been advancing steadily over the past two decades. While most people still use a desktop PC or laptop for basic computing needs around the house, the rapid growth of Internet and web technology has opened new doors for wider usage.
Computing refers to any objective-oriented activity, using, receiving, producing, or making information technology. It includes the design and experiment of hardware and software as well as the study and experiments of algorithmic methods and applications. It has both scientific technological, economic and social considerations. In order to broaden the scope of computing beyond the traditional research and academic fields, various organizations are forming all over the world.
Some of the most prominent names in the computer engineering field are Apple, IBM, Cisco, Microsoft, Google, Hewlett Packard, IBM, RIM and Sun Microsystems. These companies have developed cutting edge computer hardware and Software that use algorithms for solving problems in a highly complex environments. These companies are also pioneers in implementing new technologies that open up many more doors for computing. As the complexity of networks and algorithms that run on them increases, computing has expanded into areas such as manufacturing, transportation and health care, finance, telecommunication, weather prediction and engineering. This expansion will continue as more computing problems get bigger, requiring larger amounts of hardware and Software to solve problems.