The Impact of Technology on Society
Technology is the combination of any methods, skills, techniques, methods, or processes employed in the creation of new products or services or in the achievement of specific goals, like scientific research. Some sectors that are very much dependent on technology are telecommunication, information technology, transportation, military activities, and medicine. The development of a society depends greatly on technology. It has changed the way people live their lives-it has brought about the ability to send emails anywhere in the world within a few minutes; it has even allowed people to communicate through their computers directly with another person; and it has led to the invention of such diverse things as the internet and mobile phones.
One of the most influential philosophies on technology is utilitarianism, which suggests that the means to an end is the proper or best use of available resources. This philosophy was first popularized by John Locke, and it is often considered the source of much of the technical knowledge in modern Western society. Utilists oppose technological progress because they believe that human beings are inherently self-sufficient and that technological systems do not make them more or less capable of living and interacting with the rest of the world. According to utilitarian theory, technological innovations may sometimes cause significant increases in technology-solving problems or enhancing capabilities that were once beyond human capability-but these increases do not significantly change people’s lives.
One of the most important areas in modern society that is largely shaped by and driven by technologies is medicine. In fact, many medical practices are still based on techniques that were pioneered in other fields, like the study of yeast infections, microorganisms, and genetic engineering. Despite the fact that the goal of modern medicine is to treat and prevent disease, most medical practices still utilize some form of technology, from x-ray machines and catheters to the stethoscopes and endoscopes that help doctors see into the body. It has also become quite common for doctors to collaborate and work with the researchers and manufacturers of new technologies, particularly in areas such as genetic engineering and gene therapy, both of which have brought medical advances and innovations like stem cell transplants, which were not possible before.